A talk by Shelen W H Ho, Associate Professor of International Business and Strategy, University of Reading Malaysia.
Today, the education authorities in the ASEAN region are revamping the higher education system to embrace the fourth industrial revolution (4IR). In the higher education framework, student outcomes are more focused on higher order thinking and multiple intelligences theories. Traditional education has contributed greatly to the current levels of industrial evolution and technological advancement but for higher education to equip future generations with the right set of skills and knowledge, the delivery of education should be transformed. The learning environment promoted by the new flipped classroom framework emphasizes student-centered learning and treating students as connectors, creators and constructionists. Inspiring research publications report the successful adoption of the flipped classroom model in facilitating higher-order thinking. However, there are limited studies on whether this Western educational practice can be replicated in Asian societies as this educational practice may challenge established socioeconomic hierarchies and authoritarian regimes embedded in Asian cultural beliefs.
Dr. Ho’s pedagogic research interest is to explore the role of culture in students’ motivational dynamics before applying education theories in practice, especially for a community where students had been regarded as passive recipients of data. Team-based learning using the flipped approach is one of a number of new pedagogical approaches she implemented for higher-order thinking skills with the learning focus on understanding, meaning, and creation. This lunch time talk on Asian learning cultures will make special reference to the influence of Confucian traditions and the applied practice of flipped instruction model with students in Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore to address the traditional social-oriented motivation.